Improve Power Efficiency by means of Designing and Testing of Power Conditioning and Impedance Matching Circuitry
Energy harvesting has witnessed a rapid increase of interest in both academic and industrial circles during the past decade. The decentralized and self-sustaining nature of energyharvesting provides a convenient on-board supplement to batteries for a prolonged lifetime of remote and wireless devices. However, at the moment, there is a gap between the harvester nd the application, namely, the power conditioning circuitry and electrical impedance matching. The ‘ideal’ result is that once connected to an application (i.e. a wireless sensor mote), the harvester is able to provide power with minimal compromises in the mechanical-to-electrical interface. Hence, this dissertation looks at the ways in which we can improve power efficiency by means of SPICE design, as well as experimental testing of potential power conditioning and impedance matching circuitry.
After experimental testing of power conditioning and impedance matching circuitry, the results show that circuit models 3 and 5 produced results showing a good agreement with experimental results, with a mean percentage error of 6.9% in peak voltages induced. The output voltages produced in the simulation showed results that are relatively good agreement with the experiments, yielding a smoothed ripple voltage which could be considered as an almost constant DC supply.
As for the comparison made between sinusoidal waveform (sine wave from function generator (FG)) and piezoelectric vibrations energy harvester (V25W) experimental results, irregularities observed between the aforementioned results validates the instability of vibrations i.e. non-linearities compared to the simulated voltage source through sine wave.