Reducing GHG Emissions From Egypt’s Oil & Gas Industry By Flare Gas Recovery
This research presents an analysis of a novel refinery flare gas recovery project in Egypt, which is currently considered by the country’s first national oil refining company (Suez Oil Processing Company). The objective of the project is to recover normally flared waste gas and utilize its energy content to displace imported fuel gas used in the existing process heaters. The project is foreseen for implementation under CDM; hence, it will represent Egypt’s first large scale CDM application in the oil & gas industry. The analysis undertaken in this research examines the environmental, social, technical, economical, and legal aspects of the project in order to assess its eligibility for CDM. Owing to the unique conditions of the produced waste gas, light is shed on the applicable compression technology including liquid ring compression, which would mark an unprecedented application in Egypt petroleum sector. In light of the analysis performed, it is concluded that the project fulfils the CDM eligibility criteria and results in considerable GHG emission reductions. Moreover, it positively contributes towards the GGFR partnership’s goals of reducing global gas flaring. Therefore, it is recommended for SOPC to pursue the project as CDM and for Egypt to join the GGFR partnership in order to facilitate replication of similar projects across the industry. From a future outlook, this project is a major stepping stone for implementing zero flaring in Egypt.