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MPhil in Engineering for Sustainable Development

global challenges, engineering solutions

Energy Sustainability for Development in New Economic Region: Case Study of Malaysia

Farouk Abdul Khalid

Energy Sustainability for Development in New Economic Region: Case Study of Malaysia

Sustainable energy remains the most critical factor for the well being of resource-rich Malaysia. The Vision 2020 is to turn Malaysia into a fully developed nation by the year 2020. This is to be achieved by sustaining healthy economic growth in the 21st century. The government has embarked on a large scale project to develop a strategic economic region called Iskandar. This project is guided by a document entitled Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP) for the South Johor Economic Region. By the year 2025, Iskandar aims to position itself as “a strong, sustainable conurbation of international standing”. This study seeks to review the CDP content and then explore specific scenarios which may either improve or lessen the chance of success of the project in the context of energy sustainability. The challenge in realising the vision of Iskandar is particularly unique, as the country turns into a net energy importer during the critical development phase. Limited literature on Iskandar also provides a significant opportunity to explore new areas of improvement to reduce oil consumption and cut greenhouse gas emissions without jeopardising growth in that region. The research question raised throughout this study is: What sustainable measures are required to meet the rising energy demand for land transport fuel in Iskandar, as domestic supply is fast depleting? The country’s transportation sector is the largest consumer of energy. After considering three distinct scenarios in Iskandar development, the significance of the study confirms the urgency of implementing and enhancing the CDP in order to ensure a smooth transition to clean and efficient energy with acceptance from the community.


Course Overview


The need to engage in better problem definition through careful dialogue with all stakeholder groups and a proper recognition of context.


An ability to work with specialists from other disciplines and professional groups acknowledging that technical innovation and business skills also must be understood, nurtured and combined as precursors to the successful implementation of sustainable solutions.


An understanding of mechanisms for managing change in organisations so future engineers are equipped to play a leadership role.


An awareness of a range of assessment frameworks, sustainability metrics and methodologies such as Life Cycle Analysis, Systems Dynamics, Multi-Criteria Decision making and Impact Assessment.